The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in South America, a former colony of Portugal.

Brazil was mentioned, along with Peru, by Dr. Warner as a country where the Female Sand Fly lived. Americans going there risked being bitten by the fly and getting Leishmaniasis lesions. Though by 2007, the highest incidents of female sand fly bites were in the Middle East. (SVU: "Harm")

The popular term "Brazilian Wax" refers to Brazilian women completely shaving their pubic hairs. (SVU: "Smut")