The Kingdom of Spain is a monarchy in Western Europe. Spain is famous for its former empire in the Americas and professional bullfights, an event condemned by many as animal torture.

Spain hired Italian explorer Christopher Columbus to discover quicker trade routes to India. In his 1492 journey west, he discovered the Americas. Spain was the first to establish colonies in both North and South America, including Mexico and Florida, Cuba. The western half of South America and all of mainland Central America were colonies of Spain, and this why Spanish is their official language.

Former Spanish colonies